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THE 7 ELEMENTS OF DESIGN...

'Super creatives' use The 7 'elements of design' to get results and knowing how to use them is the difference between a great designer and a mediocre one.


After 25 years in the industry, the principles have become second language and knowing how to work with them is the secret behind unlocking potential and taking advantage of unique opportunities for any project that I work on.

The elements include light, line, space, form, colour, texture and pattern; keeping them balanced is the key to creating an aesthetically pleasing design no matter which creative pastime you're involved in or what kind of medium you're working with.




The elements are essential in enhancing the look and feel of any design and in some cases effective use of the principles can substantially increasing functionality too.


The elements of design are tools that allow the designer to come to firm conclusions based on theory not just intuition. An experienced designer can properly explain the reasons behind their advice with logic and clarity. They will often reference the elements of design in their discussions with clients and involve these in their overall analysis and approach to the design.This will ensure the best possible outcomes for each project and provide individualistic designs that never repeat or become monotonous or recognisable between projects. Each project has it's own different outcomes and are implemented with creativity and careful consideration.


A more inexperienced designer may have a good creative grasp on design but may not be able to identify and prioritise the most important elements right away. It may take a little more time and thought to reach the outcomes. In time, and with years of experience, the elements become more fluid.


Anyway... let's take a closer look at the elements, I know you're just itching to find out more! With the use of these elements and knowing the principles of interior design we can create amazing dreamy spaces with great subliminal qualities and practicality too. Let’s find out more...


1. Light

Light is an important element of interior design whether it is a commercial or residential space. It may be natural light or light from an artificial source, but it is a very critical thing that is considered in the building of your spaces and of course to design the interiors well. Without the proper use of lighting, every other element would be of no or little use.

That's why interior designers place special emphasis on lighting.


If you get your lighting right, the visual effects of all other elements will help make your spaces truly beautiful and feel fantastic too.

When working with lighting for your interiors, special care is taken to identify the various activities and purposes for the different lights. Most important thing to consider when setting up lighting design is layering. There are three main types:

  • Ambient lighting – used to light the entire area. The main purpose of Ambient light is to create good visibility of the space when required.

  • Task lighting – involves illuminating smaller areas, where we need strong direct light such as what is needed for reading or up close work of any kind.

  • Accent lighting – to provide light for specific areas and objects. We want to draw special attention to our precious items or to create special effects . Accent lighting often creates mood and is very important in any design.


2. Line

The use of line in interior design is helpful in guiding and navigating the eye through the space.

These lines could be vertical, horizontal and dynamic which allows the interior designer to create a space that has intrigue an finesse. Line, when used correctly, helps to create balance and harmony.

  1. Horizontal lines create a great sense of formality, efficiency, and stability. Dining table, kitchen Countertops and drawers with their horizontal lines helps to make a room look larger.

  2. Vertical lines are formed by the features by doorways and windows. These lines evoke a sense e of unlimited strength and freedom in a spaces. At a functional level, these vertical lines create the illusion of a taller space. You must ensure that they don’t become too heavy or overbearing.

  3. Dynamic lines can be diagonal, curved or zigzags.They can be seen in structures such as stairs or railing. They provide contrast and relief to a room. Dynamic lines are great for wow factor and typically catch the eye, direct the eye to a focal point or grab attention. This knowledge comes with a warning! Overuse, can be distracting and can sometimes be to dominant if not used wisely.

3. Space